Project Saber/To Know

Suggested readings from the Union of Concerned Scientists on oil operations and hydraulic fracturing.   

International Energy Agency (IEA). 2012. Golden rules for a golden age of gas: World energy outlook special report on unconventional gas. Paris, France.

Secretary of Energy Advisory Board. 2011. Shale Gas Production Subcommittee Second Ninety Day Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Energy.

U.S. Government Accountability Office. 2012. Information on shale resources, development, and environmental and public health risks. Washington, DC.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Office of Solid Waste. 2002. Exemption of Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Wastes from Federal Hazardous Waste Regulations. Washington, DC.

U.S. EPA. 2012. Regulation of Hydraulic Fracturing Under the Safe Drinking Water Act. Online at, accessed July 16, 2013.

Lyndon, M.L. 2012. Trade secrets and information access in environmental law. The Law and Theory of Trade Secrecy: A Handbook of Contemporary Research, 442-446.

Finkel, M., J. Hays, and A. Law. 2013. The shale gas boom and the need for rational policy.  American Journal of Public Health 103(7):1161-1163.

Wiseman, H.J. 2012. Fracturing regulation applied. Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum 22(361):361-384.

Konschnik, K., M. Holden, and A. Shasteen. 2013. Legal fractures in chemical disclosure laws: Why the voluntary chemical disclosure registry FracFocus fails as a regulatory compliance tool. Cambridge, MA: Environmental Law Program, Harvard Law School.

Briggle, A. 2013. Let politics, not science, decide the fate of fracking. Slate, March 12.

Wilber, T. 2012. An agent of dreams. In Under the surface: Fracking, fortunes, and the fate of the marcellus shale. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 9-29.

Union of Concerned Scientists. 2013. UCS position on natural gas extraction and use for transportation and electricity in the United States. Cambridge, MA.


Gannon, E.F., C.E.B. Madigan, and D.M. McDonell, 2013. Calif.'s road to fracking regulation will be bumpy. New York, NY: Law360. 

Kiparsky, M., and J.F. Hein. 2013. Regulation of hydraulic fracturing in California: A wastewater and water quality perspective. Berkeley, CA: Wheeler Institute for Water Law & Policy, UC Berkeley School of Law. 


Vidic, R.D., S.L. Brantley, J.M. Vandenbossche, D. Yoxtheimer, and J.D. Abad. 2013. Impact of shale gas development on regional water quality. Science 340(6134):826-835.

McKenzie, L.M., R.Z. Witter, L.S. Newman, and J.L. Adgate. 2012. Human health risk assessment of air emissions from development of unconventional natural gas resources. Science of the Total Environment, 1-9.

Weber, C.L., and C. Clavin. 2012. Life cycle carbon footprint of shale gas: Review of evidence and implications. Environmental Science & Technology, 46(11):5688-5695.

Christopherson, S. and N. Rightor. 2011. How should we think about the economic consequences of shale gas drilling? Ithaca, NY: City and Regional Planning, Cornell University.

Cooley, H. and K. Donnelly. 2012. Hydraulic fracturing and water resources: Separating the frack from the fiction. Oakland, CA: Pacific Institute.

Scott Institute for Energy Innovation. 2013. Shale gas and the environment: Critical need for a government-university-industry research initiative. Pittsburgh, PA: Carnegie Mellon University.


Boling, C. 2013. Hydraulic Fracturing and Chemical Disclosure: What you do not know could hurt you!. Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review, 46(257):257-292.

Goho, S.A. 2012. Municipalities and hydraulic fracturing: Trends in state preemption. Planning & Environmental Law: Issues and decisions that impact the built and natural environments, 64(7):3-9.

Vladeck, D. C. 2009. Information access—Surveying the current legal landscape of federal right-to-know laws. Environmental Law and Policy Review, 39(8):10773-10788.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1988. Regulatory determination for oil and gas geothermal exploration, development and production wastes, July 6. Washington, DC.


This piece speaks to the decentralized and haphazard approach to record keeping among state regulatory agencies that limits access and prevents transparency-

Soraghan, M. 2013. Many mishaps among drillers, but few fines. E&E Publishing, July 15. Online at, accessed July 16, 2013.

A few examples of “crowd sourcing” concept to track industry aside from government- and industry-generated data. This is becoming more relevant as government agencies fall short of public need-

Revkin, A. 2012. Can Public Leak Patrols Stem Gas Emissions at a Profit? New York Times Dot Earth, November, 16. Online at, accessed July 16, 2013.

Baez, T. 2013. New Mapping Project Drills Home the Threat of Fracking. Motherboard. Online at, accessed July 16, 2013.

Handley, M. 2013. Fight Over Fracking Continues as Counties Begin to Ban Practice. U.S. News & World Report, May 2. Online at, accessed July 16, 2013.

This story captures aspects of the Anti-fracking movement by grass roots activists dedicated to transparency issues that have had a practical impact on industry-  

Esch, M. 2013. Fervent Foes Dedicate Live to Fracking Fight. Associated Press, July 7. Online at, accessed July 16, 2013.




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